It is a dream of parents to give their children the best health care. As such, it is vital to learn some of the commonly treated children diseases in the US. Today, there are not many fatal diseases thanks to the extensive immunization. However, due to children’s undeveloped immune system, several illnesses can attack them. They range from contagious to non-contiguous, viral, bacterial, allergic and immunology diseases. Below are five common children’s illnesses treated in the US hospitals.
Colds and coughs
Coughs are frequent in children during the winter. They are mostly because of sore throats caused by viral illnesses such as colds or flu. However, there are severe coughs caused by croup, asthma, whooping cough and pneumonia. It is advisable to see a doctor if the signs of a cough include fever, wheezing, fatigue, general discomfort or if it has lasted for more than four days. Common coughs heal on their own, but some medications are prescribed to reduce their effects. Therefore, except for the severe symptoms, there is no cause to worry if your child is eating, drinking and breathing normally.
In the US ear pains are typical in children. A virus causes most earaches and therefore do not need antibiotics as they always heal on their own. An infected child may try to rub their ear while babies may cry due to the pain. It is advisable to give your child a dose of paracetamol or ibuprofen to reduce the pain. Do not insert cotton buds, eardrops or any oil unless the doctor says so. A standard ear infection can lead to a hearing problem for 2 to 6 weeks. If the problem last longer than this or other symptoms, e.g., high temperatures accompany it, it is vital to see a doctor. Other causes of earaches include ear infection, infection of the ear canal, pressure from a cold virus, teeth pain among others
An allergy is a reaction of the body to some harmless substances such as certain foods. It is characterized by a cough, diarrhea, vomiting, wheezing, itchy skin, swollen lips, blocked nose, rashes and sore or itchy eyes. Children develop allergies if they have a history of asthma or eczema in the family. An allergy to foods occurs mostly during weaning. Therefore, weaning should be after six months and parents should introduce allergenic foods one after the other while observing any reaction. Allergenic foods include dairy products, eggs, peanuts, fish, and wheat. If the allergy symptoms are severe, you should see a doctor
A fever is a high temperature of more than the usual 37°C. If the face of your child feels hot to the touch, it is likely that they have a fever. Sometimes the symptoms include profuse sweating, a high temperature in the afternoon hours and low temperatures in the morning. Viruses such as flu, cold and other infections are the causes of fever. Other causes are bacterial infections, e.g., pneumonia and ear infections bacteria. It is always advisable to see a doctor as temperature rise can be a result of a dangerous disease.
Diarrhea and vomiting
Diarrhea lasts for about five days while vomiting last for 1-2 days. Causes are a food allergy, virus, food poisoning, stomach bug among others. Diarrhea and vomiting are more severe in infants than in older children because it causes dehydration. Some signs of dehydration are sunken eyes, dry mouth, sunken fontanelle, yellow urine among others. Therefore if your child is dehydrated, give them a lot of fluids or oral rehydration fluids. However, you should consult a doctor if a severe symptom occurs. Such dangerous signs are fever, pain, green vomit, blood or mucus in the stool and frequent and irresponsive diarrhea.